5 Value-Based Payment Models Shaping the Future of RCM
July 04, 2023
The future of Revenue Cycle Management (RCM) is shaped by ever-evolving value-based payment models. From the government's perspective, this means taking an active role in creating an environment for providers, health plans, and insurers to successfully manage and develop economic models that encourage optimal use of healthcare resources.
Value-based payment models are those in which payment for a service is based on the value of the outcome, rather than on the number of services rendered. This approach reflects the view that healthcare should be organized around patient outcomes and should be paid according to the value of the services delivered. These models may be based on a variety of metrics, such as cost or quality of care, patient satisfaction, or combinations of these.
At the forefront of value-based payment models is the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)’s Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) and the Alternative Payment Model (APM). Through MIPS, Medicare providers are incentivized to provide higher-quality care, while through APMs, providers are rewarded for taking on more risk and providing more coordinated care. Additionally, there are other value-based payment models, such as bundled payments and capitation, that have been adopted by providers and insurers as a way to improve efficiency and reduce healthcare costs.
- Bundled payments are a type of value-based payment model in which payment is made for a single episode of care, rather than for individual services. This model is beneficial for providers because it offers the opportunity to receive a single lump-sum payment for a set of services. At the same time, it allows for greater flexibility in managing the patient’s care, as well as for better coordination of services across providers.
- Capitation is another type of value-based payment model in which providers are paid a predetermined amount per enrolled patient, regardless of the services rendered. This model is beneficial for providers because it eliminates the need to submit claims and ensures that they will be paid at a fixed rate for each enrolled patient. On the other hand, it also creates an incentive to limit the services provided in order to avoid financial losses.
- The Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) model is also gaining traction as a value-based payment model. This model is based on the concept of providing comprehensive, coordinated care that is centered around the patient and includes preventive care, chronic care management, and access to specialty services. It is beneficial for both providers and patients because it reduces the number of unnecessary tests and procedures, while at the same time providing access to comprehensive care.
- Finally, there is the Accountable Care Organization (ACO) model, which is based on the concept of providers working together to coordinate care and provide high-quality care in a cost-effective manner. By collaborating and sharing information among providers, ACOs are able to better coordinate care and create incentives for providers to deliver quality care at a lower cost.
Value-based payment models are transforming the way care is delivered and reimbursed, and will continue to do so in the future. Providers that embrace these models are able to improve their financial performance and the quality of care they provide, while at the same time reducing costs for patients and the healthcare system.